Methods to measure body temperature
heat flux sensor pdfs

An Overview of Methods to measure body temperature


This article sums up the various methods to measure body temperature: pulmonary artery catheter, esophageal tube, urinary bladder, catheter, continuous rectal probe, ingestible telemetric temperature or e-pill thermometer, tympanic temperature, skin temperature and finally, Core body temperature monitor.


Comparative table of methods to measure body temperature


methods to measure body temperature

*only under certain conditions / using certain models

**Each one measures its location accurately but there still might be differences between locations (+/- XX between locations) please look at list of publication confromnting methods with each other

(1) estimate $10’000 (2) estimate: $250 (3) estimate $10’000 (4) estimate: $250 (5) example: bodyCAP system + 10 pills: $2500 (6) example: BRAUN ThermoScan7 (intermittent): $70; CosinussONE (continuous): $150 (7) sadas (8) webshop price $250


References


Esophageal vs. rectal probe vs. telemetric pill
* Telemetry pill versus rectal and esophageal temperature during extreme rates of exercise-induced core temperature change
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0967-3334/33/6/915/meta
* Core Temperature Measurement During Submaximal Exercise: Esophageal, Rectal, and Intestinal Temperatures
https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=WwUVAQAAIAAJ&rdid=book-WwUVAQAAIAAJ&rdot=1

Esophageal vs. rectal probe
* Validity of Core Temperature Measurements at 3 Rectal Depths During Rest, Exercise, Cold-Water Immersion, and Recovery
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5402531/
* Esophageal, rectal, and muscle temperature during exercise
https://journals.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/jappl.1966.21.6.1757

Rectal probe vs. telemetric pill
* Validation of an ingestible temperature data logging and telemetry system during exercise in the heat
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23328940.2016.1171281
* Validity of Devices That Assess Body Temperature During Outdoor Exercise in the Heat
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1978469/

Rectal probe vs. Tympanic temperature
* Comparison of Rectal and Aural Core Body Temperature Thermometry in Hyperthermic, Exercising Individuals: A Meta-Analysis
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3392164/
* Comparison of non-invasive measurement methods
https://doi.org/10.4037/ccn2009132